The School of Arts and Humanities of the University of Lisbon
and the Gregorian University present an
of antónio vieira s.j.
30 May・4:30 pm GMT・FLUL Amphitheatre 1
Eschaton is a word commonly associated with the final age of history. In Theology, eschatology is related to an end time, be it the end of history, the end of the world, or the end of an age.
A very rich eschatological tradition is associated with Judaism, Christianity, and Islam and translated into prophetical, messianic, millennial, and apocalyptic discourses. In the texts of the Old Testament, we find primarily prophetic and messianic expressions, such as those found in the books of Ezekiel, Zechariah, Jeremiah, Isaiah, and Amos. But, as time evolves and expectations regarding the coming of the Son of Man and the establishment of the Divine Kingdom, this type of narrative evolves toward what is today designated as Apocalyptic Literature.
Among this literary genre, there are two primary canonical texts to account for: Daniel in the Old Testament and Revelation in the New Testament. The latter is the perfect example of an apocalypse, while the first clearly shows how the genres evolved in the Old Testament by including prophetic, messianic, millennial, and apocalyptic passages.
Human apocalyptic expectation has guided the creation and development of Western Civilization from Antiquity until today. While anyone continues to believe in the establishment of a divine kingdom or the beginning of a new age, the apocalyptic expectation will always be present. Over the centuries, many individuals attempted to interpret the codified messages found in Daniel and Revelation. Names such as Jerome, Hippolytus, Augustine, Joachim of Fiore, Jean de Roquetaillade, or the Portuguese António Vieira, S.J. are among the most important exegetes to consider when studying this topic.
António Vieira, S.J. (1608—1697), was a man of multiple facets. He was a Jesuit by training, a diplomat at the service of the new Dynasty of Braganza, a prolific author, and one of the most accomplished and respected exegetes of his time. He lived between the Americas and Europe, serving his faith and king. In a certain way, his life was per se, a celebration of eschatological expectation. As an exegete, he was aware of the content of Daniel and Revelation and other non-canonical texts and how they referred to the end time. Furthermore, he was well acquainted with the Jewish expectation of the coming of a Messiah before the establishment of the divine kingdom.
Ana T. Valdez is Principal Investigator (PI) at CH-ULisboa. She specializes in early modern Europe’s religious, social, and intellectual history with a strong focus on eschatological literature. She publishes regularly on apocalyptic literature and on António Vieira S.J.
Arnaldo do Espírito Santo is Emeritus Professor at the University of Lisbon, where he has conducted research in classic languages and classical Portuguese culture and literature. He publishes regularly on António Vieira S.J., having coordinated, for example, the Edição Crítica dos Sermões and Book IIIof the Clavis prophetarum.
P. Martín Morales S.J. is Professor at the Pontifical Gregorian University and director of the Archivio Storico della Pontificia Università Gregoriana. He has been editing the letters of members of the Society of Jesus of the Province of Paraguay. In addition, he publishes on the historiography of the Society of Jesus.
Irene Pedretti is a restorer and archivist at the Archivio Storico della Pontificia Università Gregoriana. She is responsible for the preservation and classification of the ancient holdings of the Archivio Storico, in addition to training students in archives and restoration.
Giulia Venezia is conservator of books and paper. She collaborates often with the Archivio Storico della Pontificia Università Gregoriana, the Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma, and the Accademia dei Virtuosi al Pantheon. In this project, she is responsible for the conservation and digitization of the manuscript.
Maria Stella Maggio
è conservatrice e restauratrice di archivi e biblioteche. Ha un Master in Conservazione e Diagnosi del Patrimonio Culturale e collabora con l’Archivio Storico della Pontificia Università Gregoriana nella strategia di preservazione e conservazione delle sue collezioni.
This work is financed with National Funds through FCT (Foundation for Science and Technology)
through the project UIDB/00019/2020 (CEC), and UIDB/04311/2020 and UIDP/04311/2020 (CH-ULisboa).